Back Operated Wheelchair
Akashdeep Singh, Former Student, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Continental Institute Of Engineering Technology, Rajpura, (Punjab), India.
Manuscript received on December 06, 2014. | Revised Manuscript received on December 13, 2014. | Manuscript published on December 15, 2014. | PP: 46-50 | Volume-3 Issue-1, December 2014. | Retrieval Number: A0754123114/2014©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Our project aims at developing a low cost mobility solution for paraplegics, which is equally good for use by persons with disabled arms and hands. Today many disabled persons are dependent on wheelchairs for their mobility. For instance, in Netherlands, approximately 82 percent of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI), admitted for inpatient rehabilitation, are wheelchair users (Post and others 1997). [et al Riemer JK Vegter,2010]. Mobility aids currently used in developing nations are not able to fully meet the user’s requirements. Various automated wheelchairs available today are designed to satisfy the needs of Paraplegics but not efficient and cost effective solutions up till now have been developed to cater for the needs of the Tetraplegics ( i.e. people with all four limbs disabled). In case of Paraplegics also the situation is not very favorable. Thus, our design of a special automated wheelchair operated by back only (BOW) is an attempt to help the tetraplegics around the globe thus enabling them to move around and commute from one place to another without any assistance from anyone. Furthermore, another factor which has been taken into consideration for designing is that the design be very easy to manufacture involving simple mechanisms and be affordable by all needy patients.
Keywords: Affordable, automatic, Back operated, physically disabled, tetraplegics, wheelchair.