Present to Future Antennas for Wireless Communication
Leeladhar Malviya1, M.P.S. Chawla2, Ajay Verma3
1Dr. Leeladhar Malviya*, Department of Electronics and Telecommunications, S.G.S.I.T.S., Indore (M.P), India,
2Prof. M. P. S. Chawla, Department of Electrical Engineering, S.G.S.I.T.S., Indore (M.P), India,
3Prof. Ajay Verma, Department of Electronics and Instrumentation, IET, DAVV, Indore (M.P), India.
Manuscript received on February 15, 2021. Revised Manuscript received on February 19, 2021. | Manuscript published on February 28, 2021. | PP: 1-7 | Volume-7, Issue-1, August 2021. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijisme.A1278027121 | DOI: 10.35940/ijisme.A1278.027121
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Antenna is an essential part of the human life in present world and will be indistinguishable part of the life in coming days. Various generations of antenna designs are required to enhance data rate from 2 kbps to 1 Gbps and higher. Even uplink and downlink delays are dependent on the mobile generations. Modern wireless communication works on the low latency and high data rates for the VOD and BOD services. As, the population of mobile phones demand is growing exponentially, so the higher frequency bands are in demand and compactness of the devices is the prime object along with reliability of the signals/data. Various generations of the antennas are available and have enhancement in applications as well as enhancement in the data rates. Therefore, SISO, MIMO, arrays, MIMO-arrays are available for specific requirements. A thorough literature review has been done to focus the light on the antenna technologies.
Keywords: 4G,5G, MIMO, Array, THz
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