Enhancing Analog to Digital Converter Resolution using Oversampling Technique
Priyesh Pandya1, Vikas Gupta2
1Priyesh Pandya, Department of Electronics and Communication, Technocrats Institute of Technology, R.G.P.V, Bhopal, M.P., India.
2Vikas Gupta, Department of Electronics and Communication, Technocrats Institute of Technology, R.G.P.V, Bhopal, M.P., India.
Manuscript received on April 05, 2014. | Revised Manuscript received on April 11, 2014. | Manuscript published on April 15, 2014. | PP: 37-40 | Volume-2 Issue-5, April 2014. | Retrieval Number: E0632042514/2014©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: This paper is going to expose a method that gives us the possibility to use a low-resolution Successive Approximation Register (SAR) Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC) in high resolution measurements. Oversampling and averaging can increase the resolution of a measurement without resorting to the cost and complexity of using expensive off-chip ADC’s. This paper discusses about oversampling method for increase the resolution of a 12-bits ADC to 16-bits ADC. Oversampling method also rejects the noise by using averaging or moving averaging method. Oversampling method provides a software-based technique, resulting in an improved effective number of bits (ENOB) in the conversion result. It can be only used for measuring very low frequency or continuous signals, but the costs are lower compared to the price of the same high-resolution converter. This paper discusses how to increase the resolution of ADC measurements by oversampling and averaging. Additionally, more in-depth description on types of ADC, theory of oversampling technique and example code on utilizing oversampling and averaging.
Keywords: Analog to Digital Converter, Oversampling, Decimation.