Influence of Application of Appropriate Technologies in Upgrading of Informal Settlements in Kigali
Enan Habiyambere1, Stephen O. Diang’a2, Githae Wanyona3
1Enan Habiyambere, Dept. Construction Management, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture & Technology, Nairobi, Kenya.
2Prof. Stephen O. Diang’a, Dept. Construction Management, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture & Technology, Nairobi, Kenya.
3Dr. Githae Wanyona, Dept. Construction Management, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture & Technology, Nairobi, Kenya.
Manuscript received on June 04, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on June 10, 2019. | Manuscript published on June 15, 2019. | PP: 7-13 | Volume-5, Issue-12, June 2019. | Retrieval Number: L11230651219/19©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Informal settlement in the urban areas are a growing phenomenon. That are developed gradually where a big number of world’s population live in them. The increase in number of the urban poor and rural migration looking for employments and urban services, natural population growth and lack of affordable serviced houses in the urban areas were found as the main cause of informal settlements. The low-income population has occupied unplanned and un-serviced public and private land through unauthorized and unregulated means, therefore the settlements were developed in areas where social services and infrastructures are lacking. The problem of informal settlements has been addressed through several methods according to the different informal settlement categories. Simultaneously targeting key regulatory issues to prevent the formation of new unplanned and underserviced settlements. Upgrading settlements through provision of basic social services and infrastructures is one of the intervention. This study was done on two settlements located in Nyarugenge District in the City of Kigali comprising Agatare and Tetero, their evolvement and development were identified and appropriate technologies that can be applied to upgrade them were recommended. Following the standards defined by Kigali city master plan adopted in 2013, upgrading of unplanned settlements have to increase densities and create affordable housing options for the most vulnerable to minimize relocation and displacement of poor populations, particularly of tenants. A way forward strategy was proposed, matching specific needs per settlement category. This includes improving key infrastructure to achieve positive socio-economic impacts and counter-balance socioterritorial segregation trends. This is supported by a legal framework for facilitating informal settlements upgrading, in line with the national strategy, aiming to lay the foundation for short and long-term upgrading and prevention interventions.
Keywords: Upgrading Informal Settlement, Appropriate Technology.