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Volume-3 Issue-1

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Volume-3 Issue-1, December 2014, ISSN: 2319–6386 (Online)
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication Pvt. Ltd. 

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D. Mohana Rao, Bapi Raju Bandam M. E

Paper Title:

Preparation and Characterization of AL-Fly Ash Metal Matrix Composite by Stir Casting Method

Abstract: Composites involve two or more component materials that are generally combined in an attempt to improve material properties such as stiffness, strength, toughness. Composed of a discrete reinforcement & distributed in a continuous phase of matrix, composites are the most successful materials used for recent works in the industry. There has been an increasing interest in composites containing low density and low cost reinforcement. Among various reinforced materials used, fly ash is one of the most inexpensive and low density reinforcement available in large quantities as waste product during combustion of coal in thermal plant. In this paper AL- fly ash composites produced by fly ash were observed with the help of optical microscopy. The hardness, tensile, toughness tests were carried on the composite. Physical and mechanical properties of composite were obtained.

Composite material, fly ash, metal matrix composites, stir casting.


1.        Vivekananthan M. and Senthamarai k, “Experimental Evaluation of Aluminium-Fly Ash Composite Material to Increase the Mechanical &Wear Behaviour by Stir Casting Method”, CARE Journal of Applied Research (ISSN 2321-4090).
2.        Deepak Singla, S.R. Mediratta, “Evaluation of mechanical properties of AL-fly ashcomposite material”, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology Vol. 2, Issue 4, April 2013.

3.        Mahendra.K.V  and  Radh”akrishna.  K, “ Castable composites  and  their  application  in  automobiles,  Proc. IMechE  Vol.  221  Part  D:  J.  Automobile  Engineering, (2007): pp. 135-140

4.        Mohanty Samrat, Chugh Y.P., “Development of  fly ashbased  automotive  brake  lining”,  Tribology  International 40 (2007): pp. 1217–1222

5.        Rohatgi P.K,Weiss D, and Gupta Nikhil, “Applications of Fly  Ash  in  Synthesizing  Low-Cost  MMCs  for Automotive  and  Other  Applications”,  Journal  of  the Minerals,  Metals  and  Materials  Society,  vol  58,(2006): pp 71-76

6.        Sarkar S., Sen S. and Mishra S. C, “Aluminum  –  fly ash composite  produced  by  impeller  mixing”,  Journal  of reinforced plastics and composites,(2008):pp 1-6

7.        William  D.  Callister,  Jr.,  Materials  Science  and Engineering-Materials  Science  and  Engineering-An Introduction. Asia, John Wiley & Sons, 2001

8.        Rizam.  S.S.  Hafizal.Y,  “Effect  of  particle  coating  on matrix-reinforcement  bonding”,  IcoSM  (2007):  pp174-177

9.        Sarkar  S  Mohan  S,  Panigrahi  S.C,  “Effect  of  particle distribution  on  the  properties  of  aluminum  matrix  insituparticulate composites”, Journal of reinforced plastics and  composites,  vol.  27(2008):pp  1177-1187.

10.     Radhakrishna  M.  Ramachandra  K., “ Effect  of reinforcement  of  flyash  on  sliding  wear,  slurry  erosive wear  and  corrosive  behavior  of  aluminium  matrix composite”, Wear 262 (2007): pp1450–1462.

11.     ROHATGI,  P.K  (2006):-  “Applications  of  fly  ash  in  synthesizing  low  cost  Metal  Matrix  Composites  for  automotive  and  other engineering applications”, JOM, vol. 58, issue no.11, pp.71-76,2006.

12.     RAO, J.BABU  (2010):-  “Development of light weight ALFA composites”, interntional journal of engineering, science and technology.Vol.2,issue no.11, pp. 50-59, 10. 20






Shivanand, Dheeraj Kumar

Paper Title:

Introduction and Simulation of Distributed Power Flow Controller (DPFC)

Abstract: This paper represents a new dimension of the Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) called as Distributed Power-Flow Controller (DPFC).  The  aim  of  this  paper  is  to  develop  a  new  type  of  power-flow controlling device that offers the same control capability as the UPFC, at a reduced cost and with increased reliability. The new device, the so-called Distributed Power Flow Controller (DPFC), is a further development of the UPFC.  The  DPFC  is  derived  from  the  unified  power -flow  controller  (UPFC)  and  DPFC  has  the  same control capability as the UPFC. The DPFC can be considered as a UPFC with an eliminated common dc link. The active power exchange between the shunt and series converters, which is through the common dc link in the UPFC,  is  now  through  the  transmission  lines  at  the  third -harmonic  frequency.  The interaction between the DPFC, the network and the machines are analyzed.

FACTS, Power Flow Controlling Devices, UPFC, DPFC, Modeling, power transmission, Power Flow Control, Power electronics, Power semiconductor device.


1.        Z. Yuan, S. W. H. de Haan, and B. Ferreira, “A new facts component: Distributed  power  flow controller  (DPFC)” in  Power  Electronics  and  Applications,  2007  European Conference on,  2007.
2.        Zhihui Yuan, Sjoerd W.H.de Haan, J Braham Ferreira and Dalibor Cvoric “A FACTS Device: Distributed Power Flow Controller (DPFC)’’ IEEE Transactions Power Electronics, vol. 25, no.10, October 2010.

3.        M. D. Deepak, E. B. William, S. S. Robert, K. Bill, W. G. Randal, T. B. Dale, R. I. Michael, and S. G. Ian, “A distributed static series compensator system for realizing active power flow control on existing power lines” IEEE Trans. Power Del., vol. 22 Jan. 2007.

4.        Zhihui Yuan, Sjoerd W.H de Haan and Braham Frreira “DPFC control during shunt converter failure” IEEE Transaction on Power Electronics 2009.

5.        Z. Yuan, S. W. H. de Haan, and B. Ferreira, “Utilizing Distributed Power Flow Controller (DPFC) for Power Oscillation Damping” IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting 2009.

6.        Z. Yuan, S. W. H. de Haan, and B. Ferreira, “Construction and First Result of a Scaled Transmission System with the Distributed Power Flow Controller (DPFC)” European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE) 2009.

7.        Z. Yuan, S. W. H. de Haan, and B. Ferreira, “Control Scheme to Improve DPFC Performance during Series Converter Failures” IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM) 2010, Minneapolis, USA.

8.        Salaet, J.  Alepuz, S. Gilabert A Bordonau, “DQ transformation  development for  single-phase systems to compensate hannonic  distortion and reactive power”. In Power Electronics Specialists Conference,  IEEE, 2004.

9.        Sarimalla Pedakotaiah and Santosh A “Simulation of distributed power-flow controller (DPFC)” research inventy: International Journal of Engineering and Science, Vol. 2,jan. 2013.

10.     Praveena and M. Mahendran “The compensatation of unbalanced 3-phase currents in transmission systems on utilize distributed power flow controller” IJRET  Apr. 2013.

11.     P. Ramesh and M. Damodara Reddy “Power transfer capability & reliability improvement in a transmission line using distributed power- flow controller” International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE), Vol.2, Aug. 2012.

12.     A.Jamshidi, S. Masoud Barakati, and M.M.Ghahderijani “Power quality improvement and mitigation case study using distributed power flow controller” IEEE Industrial Electronics,2012.

13.     K.Ramya and C.Christober Asir Rajan, “Analysis  and  regulation  of system  parameters  using DPFC” IEEE  - International  Conference  On Advances In Engineering,  Science And    Management (ICAESM  -2012)  March, 2012.






Sadhana A. Bhonde, Sanjay B. Bodkhe

Paper Title:

Integration of Renewable Energy - Challenges in Smart Grid

Abstract: The increase penetration of renewable energy, use of electronic load in to the electric grid which involves a challenge regarding the power quality issues and energy management. These penetrations will increase harmonic distortion, frequent switching of load will result in flicker. This paper presents challenges and power quality approach in smart grid integration for maintaining grid quality at point of common coupling in grid distribution system. The integration of smart grid is equipped with voltage source converter, renewable sources, conventional energy generators and storage systems. The power control scheme is the voltage source converters operated in current controlled mode with hysteresis control in order to maintain power quality requirements in distributed system. Test results are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the control technique that is used for maintaining power quality in smart grid integration. 

Harmonic   compensation, Renewable- Energy Source Integration, Smart grid.


1.        Juan Manel, Carrasco,“Power Electronic System for Grid Integration of Renewable Energy Source: A Survey”, IEEE Trans on Industrial Electronics, vol. 53, No. 4, pp 1002-1014, 2006.
2.        A. Mohd, E. Ortjohann, A. Schmelter, N. Hamsic, and D. Morton, ‘‘Challenges in integrating distributed energy storage systems into future smart grid,’’ in Proc. IEEE Int.Symp. Industrial Electronics, June 30–July 2, 2008, pp. 1627– 1632.

3.        J.M. Guerrero, F. Blaabjerg, T. Zhelev, K. Hemmes, E. Monmasson, S. Jemei, M.P. Comech, R. Granadino , “Distributed Generation”, IEEE Ind. Electron. Mag., , pp. 52-64. March2010

4.        Scott, Nigel C.; Atkinson, David J.; Morrell, James E.:Use of load control to regulate voltage on distribution networks with embedded generation - Power Systems, IEEE Transactions on. Power Systems  Vol.17 , pp. 510–516.2002.

5.        R.S.Bhatia,S.P.Jain,D.K.Jain,B.Singh,  “Battery energy storage system for power conditioning of renewable energy sources.”, in proc. of Int. Conf. Power Electron Drives system,Vol.1.pp.501-506,Jan2006

6.        J.M. Guerrero, F. Blaabjerg, T. Zhelev, K. Hemmes, E. Monmasson, S. Jemei, M.P. Comech, R. Granadino , “Distributed Generation”, IEEE Ind. Electron. Mag., , pp. 52-64. March2010

7.        F. Blaabjerg, R. Teodorescu, M. Liserre and A.V. Timbus, “ Overview of control and grid synchronization for distributed power generation systems”, IEEE Trans. On Industrial Electronics, vol. 53, no. 5, pp 1398-1409, Oct. 2006

8.        He, Y. W. Li, and M. S. Munir, “A flexible harmonic control approach through voltage controlled DG-grid interfacing converters,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 444-455,Jan.2012

9.        Fu.Sheng Pai, Shyh-Iier Hung, “Design and Operation of Power Converter for Microturbine Powered Distributed Generator with Capacity Expansion Capability.”IEEE Trans. on Energy Conversion, Vol. 3, No.1, pp.110-116, March 2008.

10.     F.Blaabjerg, Z.Chen, S.B.Kjaer.,” Power Electronics as efficient interface in dispersed power generation System.”IEEE Trans. On Power Electron. Vol.19, No.5, pp.1184-1194., Sept.2004.

11.     Sung-Hun,Seong R  Lee ,Hooman Dehbonei, Chemmangot V. Nayar,” Application Of Voltage-and Current–Controlled Voltage Source Inverters for Distributed Generation System.,” IEEE Trans. On Energy Conversion, Vol.21, No.3, pp. 782-788, Sept.2006.

12.     Zeng,J.,Yu. C,Qi,Q.,Yan,Z., “A novel hysteresis current control for active power filter with constant frequency”, Elect.Power Syst.Res.,Vol. 68,pp. 75-82,2004.

13.     Tatsuto Kinjo, Tomonobu Senjyu, “Output Leveling of Renewable Energy by Electric Double – Layer Capacitor Applied for Energy Storage System”, IEEE Trans on Energy Conversion, Vol.21, No.1, March 2006.

14.     M.I.Milands,E.R.cadavai andF.B.Gonzalez, “Comparison of control strategies for shunt active power filters in three phase four wire system”,IEEETrans.Power lectron.,Vol.22,No.1,pp.229-236,Jan2007.

15.     P.Siemes, H.J.Haubrich, H.Vennegeerts, “Concepts for the improved integration of wind power into German interconnection System’, IET Review, Vol.2,No.1,pp.26-33.,Power generation-2008

16.     S.A. Bhonde,S.B. Bodkhe, S.W.Mohod , “Smart Grid Integration for Power Quality in Grid system”, International Journal of Innovative research in Electrical, Electronic, Instrumention,Control Engineering, Vol.1, Issue 6,Sept.2013 .

17.     S.W.Mohod, M.V.Aware, “A STATCOM-Control Scheme for Grid Connected Wind Energy System for Power Quality Improvement”, IEEE System Journal , Vol.4, Issue-3, pp.-346-352,Sept-2010






Ashok P, V. Hariharan, R. Lavanya, R. R. Prianka

Paper Title:

Extraction of Most Relevant Data from Deep Web Mining

Abstract: Extraction of web content from the deep web page is the tough task to retrieve the relevant data because they are web page programming language dependent. The challenges of such web page extraction are increases every day due to expanding of huge web database, which makes the researchers to concentrate on deep web mining. Whenever user submits a query into search engine, it retrieves the list of best matching web page with short summary of notes such as title, some text from specific site. But retrieved information from web database is locked as deep web (Hidden Web or Invisible Web) on web page. In this paper, we proposed ontological technique with WordNet to extract the data records from the deep web pages. This technique discovers best matching words, eliminates unnecessary tags and able to extract large variety of data records with different structures.

Ontology, Deep web, WordNet, Web Mining.


1.        MICHAEL K. BERGMAN, “The Deep Web: Surfacing Hidden Value,” The journal of Electronic publishing.
2.        Christiane Fellbaum, "WordNet: An Electronic Lexical Database," The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1998.

3.        Munindar P. Singh • North Carolina State University • singh@ncsu.edu

4.        Wei Liu, Xiaofeng Meng, Member, IEEE, and Weiyi Meng, Member, IEEE “ViDE: A Vision-Based Approach for Deep Web Data Extraction “

5.        B.Aysha Banu, M.Chitra,” A Novel Ensemble Vision Based Deep Web Data Extraction Technique for Web Mining Applications”, “IEEE Intemational Conference on Advanced Communication Control and Computing Technologies (ICACCCT) “,2012

6.        D. Cai, S. Yu, J. Wen, and W. Ma, “Extracting Content Structure for Web Pages Based on Visual Representation,” Proc. Asia Pacific Web Conf. (APWeb), pp. 406-417, 2003.

7.   Bergman, Michael K,”White Paper: The Deep Web: Surfacing Hidden    Value”, Volume 7, Issue 1: Taking License, August, 2001 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3998/3336451.0007.104

8.        Jer Lang Hong “Deep Web Data Extraction” School of IT,  Monash University

9.        “Sasikala.D1, Selva Kumar.G2”   Extraction of Deep Web Contents” International Journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER), Vol.2, Issue.1, Jan-Feb 2012 pp-528-533






S. C. Sahoo, AmitavaSil, A. Solanki

Paper Title:

Studies on Flame Retardancy Properties of a Novel Epoxy-Polysulphide based Coating on Wood Panel Products and Bamboo Composites

Abstract: The objective of the study is to develop a Poly sulphide –Epoxy resin based  halogen free  novel flame retardant  coating which forms an insulating layer in the event of fire and its flame retardancy properties on wood based panel products and bamboo composites .The coating formulation was optimized by poly sulphide based epoxy resin as binder, ceramic material, carbohydrate and halogen free fire retardant which forms an insulating layer on the surface and blowing agent . In order to evaluate the flame retardancy properties the optimized coating was coated on the surface of plywood and bamboo composites and flame retardancy properties was carried as per both IS/BS  Specifications . The data revels that the excellent flame retardancy properties like flame penetration, flammability was achieved, however the rate of burning was satisfactorily when tested as per IS: 5509. A Flame of LPG was allowed to play on the surface of coated and uncoated specimen to test Ignitability .and surface spread of flame .Result shows excellent flame retardancy properties compare to conventional flame retardant coating used .From physical observation it was observed that Thick coatings insulate the treated material against high temperatures. the coating melts under the action of heat, covering the treated material with an impermeable insulating crust that deprives the wood of oxygen. However the study reveals the generation of some gases on event of fire though there was no halogen and ammonium gases and coating was intumscent in nature.

Polysulphide–Epoxyresin, Halogenfree novel flame retardant, IS/BS Specifications, intumscent.


1.        Fire-retardant properties of wood particleboards treated with boric acid. RogerPedieu • Ahmed Koubaa • Bernard Riedl•Xia-Ming Wang • James Deng.
2.        Flammability behaviour of wood and a review of the methods for its reduction Laura Anne Lowden* and Terence Richard Hull

3.        3-Terzi E, Kartal SN, White RN, Shinoda K, Imamura Y (2009) Fire performance and decay resistance of solid wood and plywood treated with quaternary ammonia compounds and common fire retardants. Eur J Wood Prod.

4.        4-Mouritz AP, Gibson AG (2006) Fire properties of polymer  composite material. Springer, Berlin, pp 59–101, Chap 3

5.        5-PereyraAM,Giudice CA (2009) Flame-retardant impregnants for woods based on alkaline silicates. Fire Saf J 44:497–503

6.        Indian standard IS 5509:2000-Fire retardant plywood-specification-second revision.

7.        Indian standard IS 1734:2000 Part-3,Fire retardant plywood-test method

8.        Ayrilmis N, Candan Z, White R (2007) Physical mechanical and fireproperties of oriented strandboard with fire retardant treated veneers.HolzRoh- Werkst 65:449–458

9.        Basson GR, Conradie WE (2001) Preservative and fire-retardant compositionand combination and process. United States Patent #6319431

10.     Levchik, S.V.; Weil, E.D. Thermal decomposition, combustion and flame-retardancy of epoxy resins—A review of the recent literature. Polym. Int. 2004, 53, 1901-1929





S. C. Sahoo, A. Sill., C. N Pandey

Paper Title:

“A Natural Additive Approaches to Enhance the Performance of Formaldehyde Based Adhesive for Plywood Manufacturing”

Abstract: There is a need for additive that enhance the different properties like rheological , tackiness etc. Of the adhesive mix during plywood manufacturing bu using non formaldehyde based adhesive. The present study relates the efficacy study of the natural additive, which is basically fully based on starch and protein available from renewable sources containing a natural tackifier and viscosity enhancer. The adhesive is based predominately on a natural product for example protein, starch based natural material, lignin etc. Thus complementing the use of a lignocelluloses as the primary material. The additive was analysed for physical and chemical properties as per is : 1508   Like PH ash content. Moisture, protein content etc, in order to evaluate the suitability of bond quality and other properties during manufacture of Plywood. 12mm thickness plywood were manufactured with non Formaldehyde adhesive using natural additive at different concentration and evaluated different physical, che3micals properties and board manufacturing condition. Data revels that additive of three to four percent concentration gave satisfactory results in terms or board quality, rheological properties and mechanical properties etc. Five to six percent additive concentration gave excellent result. Addition of higher percent gave unsatisfactory results for manufacturing of ply boards.

Additive, starch and protein, natural product, rheological properties and mechanical properties, natural tackifier and viscosity enhancer.


1.        Bureau of Indian Standards IS 460 – 1962. Specification for test sieves.
2.        Bureau of Indian Standards IS 1508 – 1972. “Specification for extenders for use in synthetic resin adhesive (urea formaldehyde) for plywood. “
3.        Bureau of Indian Standards IS 3944 - 1982. “Method for determination of flow time by use of flow cups.”
4.        Bureau of Indian Standards IS 848 – 1992. “Specification for synthetic resin adhesives (Phenolic and aminoplastic) “
5.        Mohandas K.K, Narayanaprasad T.R, Rangaraju T.S, Zoolagud S.S. 1997. “Study on the suitability of Deoiled Soyabean Flour and Jatropha Seed Cake Flour as Extenders for UF and PF Resin adhesives for bonding MR and BWR grades of plywood.” IPIRTI Research Report no. 97.
6.        Raghunath Rao D.M, Zoolagud S.S 1993. “Study on the effect of Proteineous Starch based fillers and extenders on phenolic resin bonded plywood.” . IPIRTI Research Report no. 63
7.        Mohan Das K.K., Narayana Prasad T.R., Zoolagud S.S., 1993.” Evaluation of commonly used extenders for UF resin adhesives in the plywood industry.” IPIRTI Research Report no. 62.
8.        S.K.Nath,”Plywood Manufacturing technology”DVS Publication,Aug-2009 .
9.        N. S. A. Derkyi 1, D. Seliyere 1, N. A. Darliwa.2 and J. G. Yartey.1” Effect Of Cassava Flour As Urea-Formaldehyde Adhesiveextender On The Bonding Strength Of
Plywood” Ghana Journal of Forestry, Vol. 23 & 24, 2008

10.     Sekyere, D., J. DeGraft-Yartey, N.S.A. Derkyi, N.A.Darkwa optimization Of Industrial Trial: The Use Ofcassava Flour As Extender In Plywoodadhesive Mix Forplywoodmanufacture, Forestry Research Institute of Ghana (FORIG), Kumasi, March, 2004
11.     Terry Sellers, Jr, George D. Miller, Wade Smith Tool wear properties of five extender/fillers in adhesive mixes for plywood, Forest Products Journal Vol. 55, No. 3
12.     Chan, F. D. and Dionglay, M. S. P. (1996) Utilization of Giant Ipil-Ipil Seed Flour as Plywood Glue Extender, FPRDI Journal, 22. (2):1-14.
13.     Shields, J. (1984) Adhesives Handbook, 3rd Edition, Butterworths, London.
14.     Skeist, I. (1977). Handbook of Adhesives 2nd ed. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., NY.






K. Kanthamma, K. Maheswari, G. N. Kodandaramaiah    

Paper Title:

Image Steganography using Polynomials

Abstract: Steganography is the art of hiding secret messages inside other messages as until recently had been the poor cousin of cryptography, to communicate privately in open channel. The disadvantage of cryptography is that cryptanalysis’s will break the secret key and secret message will be revealed .Steganography serves as a better way of securing message than cryptography. Steganography gained importance in the past few years due to the increasing need for providing secrecy in an open environment like internet. Many techniques are used to secure information such as cryptography that aims to scramble the information sent and make it unreadable while steganography is used to conceal the information so that no one can sense its existence. There have been many techniques for hiding messages in images in such a manner that the alterations made to the image are perceptually indiscernible. A new steganography encoding scheme which separates the colour channels of the windows bit map images and then hides the images randomly using polynomials in the LSB of any colour component of choose pixel. The polynomials may be of any type with constants and variables. a new steganographic encoding scheme, randomly hide messages in the LSB of any component of the chosen pixel using polynomial. If polynomial is used, hacker needs to predict more than one number. i.e. all coefficients of polynomial correctly to decode and probability of finding all right coefficients correctly is less compared to predicting single seed as in case random generator. So the strength of the stealth is increased by choosing higher dimensional polynomial.

Steganography, messages, cryptography, polynomial, techniques.


1.        Image Steganography using Polynomials and Covert Communications in Open Systems EnvironmentA. Siva Sankar, T. Jayachandra Prasad and M.N. Giriprasad published in International Journal of Software Engineering. Volume 1, Number 1 (2010), pp. 87—94 © International Research Publication House http://www.irphouse.com
2.        An Overview Of Image SteganographyT. Morkel , J.H.P. Eloff , M.S. Olivier published byInformation and Computer Security Architecture (ICSA) Research GroupDepartment of Computer Science

3.        Lsb Based Image Steganography Using Polynomials And Covert Communications In Open Systems Environment For DrmbyA Siva Sankar T Jayachandra Prasad M N Giriprasad published in International Conference and Workshop on Emerging Trends in Technology (ICWET 2011) – TCET, Mumbai, India.

4.        Cryptography (Security By Des) By M.RAJ KUMAR and M.SYEDALI

5.        Murray, A.H., and R.W Burchfiled (eds.), The Oxford English Dictionary, Oxford, England: Clarendon Press, 1933.

6.        J. Bright, Jeremiah (AB; New York 1965) 209; R.K. Harrison, Jeremiah and Lamentations (Winona Lake 1973)

7.        D. Kahn, 'The History of Steganography' in Anderson, pp. 1-5.

8.        http://www.trai.gov.in/WriteReadData/trai/upload/PressReleases/ 671/pr21apr09no38.pdf

9.        Oosterwijk, Herman and Paul T. Gihring; DICOM Basics, 3rd ed.; OTech, Inc., Aubrey, TX;2002

10.     D. Kahn, 'The Codebreakers - The Story of Secret Writing', Scribner, New York, New York, U.S.A., 1996. ISBN 0-684-83130-9.

11.     G.J. Simmons , "The prisoners' problem and the subliminal channel" , Advances in Cryptology : Proceedings of CRYPTO 83, (ed. D. Chaum ), Plenum , New York , 1984,pp.51-67.

12.     NF Maxemchuk, Electronic Document Distribution", AT & T Technical Journal v 73 no 5 (Sep/Oct 94) pp 73 - 80

13.     A. Westfeld and A. Pfitzmann, "Attacks on Steganographic System", Proc. Information Hiding-3 Int'l Workshop in Information Hiding, Springer- Verlag, 1999, pp. 61-76.

14.     JijjuA.Mathew& Prof. Gurmit Singh, “Stegnography and Covert Communications in open systemsenvironment”, 2009 IEEE, pp.847-849.

15.     K.Sukumar, et.al., “ Multi-Image –Watermarking Scheme based on Framelet and SVD”, 2009 IEEE, pp. 379-388 .






Harmeet Kaur, Sonal Chawla

Paper Title:

Web Data Mining: Exploring Hidden Patterns, its Types and Web Content Mining Techniques and Tools

Abstract: The abundance of web data has made it an utmost important source for Web data mining. Web data mining takes WWW data as input and after analysis and discovery, the output i.e. extracted information is used by an organisation. It helps the organisation in taking simpatico decisions for better survival in future. The objective of this paper is four folds. Firstly this paper gives a basic introduction of Web data mining. Secondly, it explains Web data mining categories, thirdly it discusses Web content mining techniques and tools in brief and finally a comparison between various tools available for Web Content Mining.

Web Content Mining, Structured data, unstructured data.


1.        Johannes Furnkranz, Web Structure Mining Exploiting the Graph Structure of the World Wide Web.
2.        Jaideep Srivastava, Robert Cooley, Mukund Deshpandey, Pag Ning Tan, Web Usage Mining: Discovery and Application of Usage patterns from Web Data, ACM SIGKDD Explorations Newsletter, January 2000, Volume 1 Issue.

3.        Faustina Johnson & Santosh Kumar Gupta, Web Content Mining Techniques: A Survey, International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 – 888) Volume 47– No.11, June 2012 44

4.        Magdalini Eirinaki, Web Mining: A Roadmap.

5.        Mining Semi-Structured Data Theoretical and Experimental Aspects of Pattern Evaluation E.H. de Graaf

6.        Alin Deutsch, Mary Fernandez, Dan Suciu, Storing Semi-structured Data with STORED

7.        Govind Murari, Upadhyay, Kanika Dhingra, Web Content Mining: Its Techniques and Uses, Volume 3, Issue 11, November 2013 ISSN:2277 128X

8.        www.fminer.com

9.        www.screen-scraper.com

10.     www.rapidminer.com

11.     web content extractor help

12.     www.Mozenda.com






Md. Morshedul Arefin, Md. Ekramul Hamid

Paper Title:

A Comparative Study on Unimodal and Multimodal Biometric Recognition

Abstract: Biometrics is one of the recent trends in security, which is mainly used for verification and recognition systems. By using biometrics we confirm a particular person’s claimed identity based on particular person’s physiological or behavioral characteristics such as fingerprint, face or voice etc. Most biometric systems deployed in real-world applications are unimodal, such as they use a single source of information for authentication (e.g., single fingerprint, face, voice etc.). Some of the limitations imposed by unimodal biometric systems can be overcome by including multiple sources of information for establishing identity. In this paper, it is shown that fingerprint and face recognition can form a good combination for a multimodal biometric system.

Biometrics, Identification, Verification, Features, Fusion.


1.        E. d. Os, H. Jongebloed, A. Stijsiger, and L. Boves, “Speaker verification as a user-friendly access for the visually impaired,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Speech Technology, Budapest, Hungary, 1999, pp. 1263–1266.
2.        A. Eriksson and P. Wretling, “How flexible is the human voice? A case study of mimicry,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Speech Technology, Rhodes, 1997, pp. 1043–1046.

3.        W. R. Harrison, Suspect Documents, Their Scientific Examination. Chicago, IL: Nelson-Hall, 1981.

4.        T. Matsumoto, H. Matsumoto, K. Yamada, and S. Hoshino, “Impact of artificial gummy fingers on fingerprint systems,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 4677, pp. 275–289, Feb. 2002.

5.        L. Hong, A. K. Jain, and S. Pankanti, “Can multibiometrics improve performance ?,” in Proc. AutoID’99, Summit, NJ, Oct. 1999, pp. 59–64.

6.        L. Hong and A. K. Jain, “Integrating faces and fingerprints for personal identification,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intell., vol. 20, pp. 1295–1307, Dec. 1998.

7.        L. I. Kuncheva, C. J.Whitaker, C. A. Shipp, and R. P.W. Duin, “Is independence good for combining classifiers?,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Pattern Recognition (ICPR), vol. 2, Barcelona, Spain, 2001, pp. 168–171.

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Akashdeep Singh

Paper Title:

Back Operated Wheelchair

Abstract: Our project aims at developing a low cost mobility solution for paraplegics, which is equally good for use by persons with disabled arms and hands. Today many disabled persons are dependent on wheelchairs for their mobility. For instance, in Netherlands, approximately 82 percent of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI), admitted for inpatient rehabilitation, are wheelchair users (Post and others 1997). [et al Riemer JK Vegter,2010]. Mobility aids currently used in developing nations are not able to fully meet the user’s requirements. Various automated wheelchairs available today are designed to satisfy the needs of Paraplegics but not efficient and cost effective solutions up till now have been developed to cater for the needs of the Tetraplegics ( i.e. people with all four limbs disabled). In case of Paraplegics also the situation is not very favorable. Thus, our design of a special automated wheelchair operated by back only (BOW) is an attempt to help the tetraplegics around the globe thus enabling them to move around and commute from one place to another without any assistance from anyone. Furthermore, another factor which has been taken into consideration for designing is that the design be very easy to manufacture involving simple mechanisms and be affordable by all needy patients.

Affordable, automatic, Back operated, physically disabled, tetraplegics, wheelchair.


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3.        http://www.sportaid.com/wheelchair-wheel-bearings/

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6.        http://www.dailyindependent.com/local/x1614271188/Woman-seeks-funds-for-specially-equipped-van

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10.     http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2204318/Pictured-Bomb-disposal-expert-lost-arms-legs-IED-blast-documents-recovery-online--sets-MASSIVE-fundraiser.html

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14    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-2284460/Victim-landmine-Afghanistan-Corporal-Andy-Reids-battle-walk-propose-girlfriend.html

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Asri Laksmi Riani, Hunik Sri Runing Sawitri

Paper Title:

Problems and Prospects of Entrepreneurship on Learning Management in Batik Industry

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to determine: 1. Benefits of workplace training programs, 2. Issues that affect participation in training, 3. A motivator in doing business, 4. The factors that affect business activities development, 5. The importance of learning methods to develop qualified entrepreneurship. This research was conducted on the batik entrepreneurs in Surakarta, Karanganyar, and Sragen. The sampling method is non-probability sampling, with convenience sampling technique on 65 respondents. The results of this study indicate that there are tendencies that: 1. Majority of respondents will apply to learning outcomes about entrepreneurial skills in the workplace. 2. Majority of respondents want to participate actively in the training. 3. Majority of respondents feel that they get more enlightenment in the training. 4. Factors that affect business activities development, the majority of respondents feel that they see the availability of labor, raw materials, and capital. 5. In terms of teaching methods to develop qualified entrepreneurship, most respondents respectively stated that they prioritize some methods such as: case studies, role plays, business games, counseling, and lectures iscussions.

Business motivator, learning methods, participation, training program.


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7.        Lumpkin, Dess.1996. Clarifying the Entrepreneurial Orientation Construct & Linking It to Performance. The Academy of Management Review. Vol.21, No.1, pp.135-172.