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Volume-6 Issue-1, August 2019, ISSN: 2319-6386 (Online)
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication

Page No.

1.

Authors:

F.M Habineza, J. N Nsengiyumva, Abednego O. Gwaya, Stephen Diang’a

Paper Title:

Investigation on Construction Solid Wastes Management within Building Sites Environment in Kigali City

Abstract: The largest volume of construction work in the country is mainly concentrated in this city and improper demolition of construction waste cause improper handling to construction sites. The general objective of the study will investigate on the construction solid and demolition waste management in Kigali City. A cross sectional survey among the construction companies was conducted from 60 contractors by purposive sampling. The research targeted all construction practitioners in various active sites of Kigali city. Sources of data for this study were obtained through questionnaires, interviews and site surveys. Descriptive statistics will be applied to analyze quantitative and qualitative data through SPSS 16 and STATA 13.0 computer package. Analysis of Variance was used to test the relationship between Methods of CSWM and its types of demolished waste by level of satisfaction. The key findings showed that the most construction solid waste identified on construction sites were woods; scrap metals; cement; bricks and trees respectively and the construction companies suggested that those wastes are available on their construction sites and they should be demolished properly. The second category of CSWM identified were insulation; nails; plaster; rocks; dirt and asbestos respectively according to their means and standard deviation. Furthermore, for thermal treatment, the study findings concluded that there is open burning and the respondents were fairly on the adopted methods for waste treatment. Secondary there are incineration and Pyrolysis which are used to treatment waste from construction sites and all respondents were not satisfied on their application to treat waste. Lastly the study findings concluded that there are gasification and is not usually used as the heads of sites were very unsatisfied. The cost associated with SWM for practitioners and it is ranged from 6,000,000Frws-9,000,000Frws used cost of Vegetation/ top soil (site clearance), cost of reinforced concrete, cost of Scrap metals, cost of rocks and municipal waste respectively to clean the construction environment.The next category of cost was valued in ranged of waste costing above 3,000,000Frws-6,000,000Frws and those were the cost of bricks/ tiles demolition, cost of wooden materials and other non inert waste demolition, cost of debris of pipes demolition, cost of sewage demolition and cost of chemical waste (waste oil, lubricants, paints& solvents) demolition from the construction sites respectively. The revenues associated on CSWM ranged from 6,000,000Frws -9,000,000Frws for Vegetation/ top soil (site clearance), Reinforced concrete, Scrap metals, Wooden materials and other non inert waste and Municipal waste management that may generate high level of incomes; and from 3,000,000Frws-6,000,000Frws for Rocks, Sewage and Chemical waste (waste oil, lubricants, paints& solvents) waste. 

Keywords: Construction waste, demolition waste, waste management and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA).

References:

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  5. Begum, R. A., Siwar, C., Pereira, J. J., & Jaafar, A. H. (2006). A benefit–cost analysis on the economic feasibility of construction waste minimisation: the case of Malaysia. Resources, conservation and recycling, 48(1), 86-98.
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  21. Oyekale, A. S. (2017). Determinants of households’ involvement in waste separation and collection for recycling in South Africa. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 1-29.
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2.

Authors:

Sumanta Kumar Kundu, Pramod Kumar Singhal

Paper Title:

Design of slit loaded Planar and Curved Patch Antenna

Abstract: Slit loaded circularly polarized patch antenna embedded on planar structure and curvature structure were investigated. The curvature effect on slit loaded patch antenna determines the limiting value of radius of curvature to obtain circular polarization. At a certain radius of curvature (ROC) around 131.3 mm, circular polarization have been obtained with axial ratio band width around 15 MHz and return loss bandwidth around 56 MHz compared with 17 MHz and 65 MHz as that of planar structure. The beam width responsible for coverage of planar patch are 104 and 107 degree with respect to 84 degree and 124 degree of curved patch at phi = 0 and 90 degree respectively.

Keywords: Circular polarization, Curved antenna, Radius of curvature, 3 dB axial ratio beam width

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