SONET/SDH: Review of Technology and Developments
Deepak Dhadwal1, Ashok Arora2, VR Singh3
1Deepak Dhadwal, MM University, Sadopur, Ambala, India.
2Ashok Arora , MM University, Sadopur, Ambala, India.
3VR Singh, MM University, Sadopur, Ambala, India.

Manuscript received on June 05, 2014. | Revised Manuscript received on June 11, 2014. | Manuscript published on June 15, 2014. | PP: 1-6 | Volume-2 Issue-7, June 2014. | Retrieval Number: G0686062714/2014©BEIESP
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©The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

Abstract: This paper attempts to describe how SONET/SDH works, down to the octet level. The SONET/SDH development for the current technology has been discussed and analyzed for better communication and improvement is SONET/SDH Technology. The STS-1 frame, Concatenation, VT’s etc. Architectures will be discussed , analyzed and the ways that how we can implement by means of the FPGA and ARM-11 core will be formulated and reviewed. When the SONET/SDH comes in market and today’s Telecommunication market has lots of differences. The differences are based on the technology, new ideas, Implementation algorithm, computing architectures etc. are evolutionary enhanced. What is the impact of technology on the SONET and what more we can implement to enhance the SONET/SDH architecture has been discussed in this paper.
Keywords: SONET/SDH, STS, Optical carrier, FPGA for SONET, ARM for SONET.