Evaluating Economic Implications of Infrastructure Projects Funded By Local Administrative Entities Development Agency (Loda) in Rwanda
Felix Uwamahoro1, Titus Kivaa2, Githae Wanyona3
1Uwamahoro Felix, Student At Jkuat, BSc Degree in Civil Engineering and Environmental Technology from Kigali Institute of Science, Technology and Management.
2Dr. Titus Kivaa Mbiti, PhD (RMIT, Australia), MA (Bldg Mngt, UON) BA (Bldg Econ, UON), CIQSK, RQS.
3Dr. Wanyona Githae, Senior Lecturer- Construction Management, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT) NAIROBI, KENYA.
Manuscript received on May 02, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on May 09, 2019. | Manuscript published on May 15, 2019. | PP: 5-11 | Volume-5, Issue-11, May 2019. | Retrieval Number: K11170551119/19©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The construction industry is mainly considered as labour based , compared to others, different researchers have proved that the cost of the labour ranges between 25%-30% of the total project cost, but most likely the construction of roads and public buildings is the one that falls into that range. This study h a s b e e n set out to do the evaluation of economic implications of infrastructure projects funded by Local Administrative Entities Development Agency (LODA) in Rwanda , and the targeted period is from 2012-2013/2017-2018”. Infrastructure projects and consumption of infrastructure services have significant implications for achievement sustainable development, therefore development of infrastructure improves the supply side of economy by reducing cost, enhances business climate, makes room for better access to market opportunities and opens up new opportunities. Demand side effects of infrastructural projects occur when they are implemented. In this case, the new project, say road construction, construction of public buildings, etc… create new jobs through which incomes are generated. The social dimension of better infrastructure is that it increases access to basic social services, thus improving the living conditions of the poor and lack of infrastructure in many developing countries represents one of the most significant limitations to economic growth and achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). As methodology of this thesis, on perspective objectives of evaluating the way infrastructure investments eradicate poverty and infrastructure projects accessibility and their benefits to local communities in Rwanda through LODA; Comparative research by using interviews and survey as tools of accessing the second and primary data were applied. Researcher adopted a Cluster sampling in order to get the sample representing the whole population from LODA and all thirty districts funded by LODA. To overcome desired objectives of the study a Questionnaire was used and 79 respondents got each a structured questionnaire but 78 Questionnaires turned back. A quantitative element like tables, graphs was used based on reports published from LODA for giving more meaning to data analysis and interpretation. The findings showed the positive returns and very significant relationship between Infrastructure projects and Poverty reduction.
Keywords: Compared to others, (LODA) in Rwanda, (SDGs). Questionnaires Turned Back.